New York Public Library, first floor plan.

17- Resources

Towards a Black Consciousness

If you have access to one, go to your local Public Library.

Warning

We prefer to read real books; what we read online are not books but a virtual text, scanned or digitalized, transmitted via fiber optics cables under the Ocean, then re-transmitted to your computer or mobile in screens made of illuminated pixels. It only works with electricity... you want to be green? Forget this virtual text and get real books.

A book is something different, an extraordinary physical and mechanical object -pages pivot on a fixed axis- made of sheets of paper organized geometrically and bonded together with thread, glue, harder pieces of paper and protected by a foldable hard cover. Unlike computers and phones, books are sustainable and durable. From a psycological and pedagogical point of view, when we read a book we focus in a very strong way, it is a white page that reflects light; virtual screens are highly distracting and the extensive use of it tends to be stressful for our eyes, body and mind. We urge you to read and get real books. Online reading (like this) is complementary, it is a wonderful catalyst resource, for further reading on books.

Public Libraries

Search in catalogues and books, both at the venue or online:

America

The US Library of Congress, basically to search for authors and titles, not for reading online. See results for Black American.

The New Your Public Library, one of our favourite resources, both for searching and reading online, includes digital collections of visual materials (drawings, engravings). There are many scanned books online. Compare results between Black African Negritude and Black Africa Negritude. The majority of books in the NYPL are not digitalized, or are available in original language only, like: L'humanité des Noirs: l'apport de la Négritude aux droits de l'homme, from Clément Claude Trobo, but you can still explore basic contents in its file.

Europe

The British Library, the largest resource in the world. You can search the catalogue of digitalized books.

The UK National Archives. You can search catalogues and books from over 2,500 archives across the UK. Many maps.

The Black Cultural Archives in Brixton, London, where you can search for authors and individuals.

The Biblioteque Nationale de France. Explore its large Archives and Resources. See results for "Africa Negritude". See results for Léopold Sédar Senghor.

Africa

Bibliothèque Centrale de l'Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal. You can search the catalogue (French) Thesis, academic works, and rare documents.

Online Texts

The largest online database is the Internet Archive. Search for digitalized books here. See results for "Negritude", "Black race".

Project Gutenberg offers a large number of digitalized old books, search the catalogue.

Research

The Harriet Tubman Institute (Canada), dedicated to research on the global migrations of African Peoples.

Organizations

World institutions, state-run:

UN, UNESCO: Africa resources database, containing books and documents. Also journals and magazines.

You can download: African women, Pan-Africanism and African renaissance, here, or from this website, here.

African institutions:

Lire en Afrique (in French), a succesful network of Libraries in Senegal, have a look at the books offered about African Literature, La littérature africaine dans les bibliothèques Lire en Afrique.

Online books resources

The African American Literature Book Club (AALBC) holds and extensive list of Black writers.

Other list and biographies of Black writers at: Boston College Libraries; US Public Broadcasting Service (largest public US media enterprise); 19th Century Black female writers collected by the New York Public Library; African American Literature Book Club (ALBC).

Magazines

Scattered archives in more than thousand institutions contain a number of books, magazines and articles relevant or essential to understand the problem of racism generated in the 18th century against Black people and Afro-desdendant in particular, and against all minorities in general. Most of these books and magazines are prior to the digital era, therefore a few are available online and some can still be found in print.

Newspapers' Articles

Daniel Martin, The Guardian (UK) on Amiri Baraka, 2014.

Paula Hayes, NYT (US), Your Gold Teeth II, 2009.

Michael Kimmerman, NYT (US) Negritude Movement is reborn among French Blacks, New York Times (2008).

Art, Exhibitions

This is a list of art productions and exhibitions:

The House of Negritude and Human rights.

Tate Gallery, London.

The Missing Chaper, London.

Here, some texts and online exhibitions from the New York Public Library: Africana Age, African and African Diasporan Transformation in the 29th century.

Online magazines

From Germany, the African Courier. Comprenhensive updated information about Africa and cultural diaspora.

Read the next chapter, Films, here.

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